The World Kidney day is Celebrated on the second Thursday in March, the mission of this day is to raise awareness of the importance of our Kidneys to our overall Health and to reduce the frequency and impact of Kidney disease and its associated Health problems worldwide. And there isn’t a better time to learn more about these vital organs.
Kidney and its functions:
The major function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. The kidneys are powerful chemical factories that perform the following functions: remove waste products & Drugs from the Body, balance the Body’s fluids, release Hormones that regulate Blood pressure, produce an active form of Vitamin D that promotes Strong & Healthy bones, control the production of Red Blood Cells.
THE 10 GOLDEN RULES:
Kidney Diseases are silent killers, which will largely affect your quality of life. There are however several easy ways to reduce the risk of developing Kidney Disease.
1.Keep fit and active :Keeping fit helps to reduce your BP and therefore reduces the risk of Chronic Kidney Disease.
2.Monitor your Blood Pressure: Although many people may be aware that high Blood Pressure can lead to a Stroke or Heart attack, few know that it is also the most common cause of Kidney damage. The normal Blood Pressure level is 120/80. Between this level and 129/89, You are considered Prehypertensive and should adopt lifestyle and dietary changes. At 140/90 and above, you should discuss the risks with your doctor and monitor your BP level regularly. High BP is especially likely to cause Kidney damage when associated with other factors like Diabetes, High Cholesterol and Cardio-Vascular Diseases.
3.Eat healthy and keep your weight in check: This can help prevent Diabetes, Heart Disease and other conditions associated with Chronic Kidney Disease.
4.Reduce your Salt intake: The recommended Sodium intake is 5-6 grams of Salt per day (around a teaspoon). Large quantities of Sodium can increase BP. High blood pressure damages the Kidneys over time and is a leading cause of Kidney failure.
5.Reducing Sugar intake: : Your Sugar intake can reduce your risk for Diabetes, Obesity and Kidney Disease. If you cut back on the processed Sugars, you’re also likely to lose calories, chemicals and Sodium. Your Waistline and your Kidneys will thank you.
6.Maintain a healthy fluid intake: We should consume atleast 1.5 to 2 litres of Water per day. Consuming plenty of Water helps the Kidneys clear Sodium, Urea and Toxins from the body which, in turn results in a “significantly lower risk” of developing Chronic Kidney disease. In addition, people who have already had a Kidneystone are advised to drink 2 to 3 litres of Water daily to lessen the risk of forming a new stone.
7.Do not smoke: Smoking slows the flow of Blood to the Kidneys. When less Blood reaches the Kidneys, it impairs their ability to function properly.Smoking also increases the risk of Kidney Cancer.
8.Using painkillers for a long duration: Long-term use of certain pain medications, especially at high doses, has a harmful effect on Kidney tissue and structures. Both over-the-counter and prescription pain medications can damage and reduce Blood flow to the Kidneys. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) like Ibuprofen are the main culprits.
9.Exposure to contrast dyes commonly used in imaging. It’s important to make sure Your Physicians check Your Kidney function before You undergo any Radiology procedures, such as CT scans, certain X-rays and angiograms. The dyes are injected into your body to complete these tests, can cause serious Kidney problems, including Acute Kidney Injury or AKI (results in an abrupt decrease in Kidney function). Discuss any concerns you may have with your doctor before undergoing a procedure.
10.Reduce Your Alcohol intake: Alcohol creates an ionic imbalance in the body that can negatively affect many metabolic processes.
There are six warning signs of kidney disease:
1.High blood pressure.
2.Blood and/or protein in the urine.
3.A creatinine and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) blood test, outside the normal range. BUN and creatinine are waste that build up in your blood when your kidney function is reduced.
4.A glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60. GFR is a measure of kidney function.
5.More frequent urination, particularly at night; difficult or painful urination.
Puffiness around eyes, swelling of hands and feet.
6.Your kidneys keep the body healthy by regulating blood pressure and filtering out toxins and extra fluid from your blood. Damage to the kidneys is often irreversible.
I hope this will raise an awareness and encourage prevention of Kidney Diseases. Health is Wealth! Stay healthy and take care of your Kidneys and body.