Water Allergy (Aquagenic Urticaria)

Aquagenic urticaria, also known as ‘water allergy’, is a rarely diagnosed form of Physical Urticaria. It is sometimes described as an allergy, although it is not a true Histamine -releasing allergic reaction like other forms of urticaria. The defining symptom is a painful skin reaction resulting from contact with water. This may also be the effect of different temperatures of water, such as cold or hot, and can flare with chemicals such as fluorine and chlorine.


Aquagenic urticaria causes the skin to itch extremely and occasionally burn after being exposed to water. The skin may develop hives or spots. Showers may result in severely dry eyes and soreness. Higher water temperature tend to expedite the formation of hives. Shortness of breath or swelling in the throat can occur when drinking water. The pain usually persists for between 10–120 minutes.  Tear  on one’s face from crying can also cause pain.  Aquagenic urticaria, although rare, is more common in young teens (14-16 years old) and is almost unheard in adult and older years.

A case of Aquagenic Urticaria has been recorded in Autralia in 2008.

Teenager Ashleigh Morris is allergic to water. She can’t go swimming, soak in a hot bath or enjoy a shower after a stressful day’s work – Even sweating brings her out in a painful rash. Ashleigh, from Melbourne, Australia, is allergic to water of any temperature, a condition she’s lived with since she was 14. 

 Most doctors and dermatologists have never seen a case of it. “Many people don’t even believe me when I tell them,” said Ashleigh, who hardly believed it herself at first. She developed the condition five years ago after an acute case of tonsillitis. She was prescribed a heavy dose of penicillin that rid her of the tonsillitis but left her with another problem. “I suddenly started getting a rash after I showered or swam,” says Ashleigh who used to swim regularly and spend a lot of time at the beach. “I tried to ignore it but it got progressively worse so I went to see a dermatologist.”

Ashleigh’s dermatologist, Professor Rodney Sinclair, told her the penicillin had altered the histamine levels in her body and caused the Aquagenic Urticaria to occur.There is no cure and no successful treatment for the condition.So she found ways to avoid water – she stopped doing sports and anything that made her sweat.She makes sure she stays in air-conditioned places and always has an umbrella in her car. Her family and boyfriend of three years, Adam, are very supportive but her condition makes intimate moments with her Adam a little difficult.  “We have to sleep with a sheet between us at night, and I can’t go near him if he’s sweaty,” said Ashleigh. 

Dermatologists agree there’s an association with elevated blood histamine levels, but there are other processes at work since antihistamine drugs often provide no relief at all. Aquagenic urticaria can be treated by applying capsaicin cream to the affected area. Capsaicin cream is also the same treatment that is used for shingles. Steroid cream is also used to treat the symptoms. There are also other remedies that seem to help ease aquagenic urticaria symptoms and help the person live a more comfortable life. Nina Goad of the British Association of Dermatologists says: “There isn’t a wealth of information about Aquagenic Urticaria because it’s extremely rare. “We’re not sure how many cases there are in the world and we do not yet fully understand the precise mechanisms that trigger the weals.”

The Lama Temple (雍和宮) Beijing

The Yonghe Temple 雍和宮, also known as the “Palace of Peace and Harmony Lama Temple”,is a temple and monastery of the Geluk school of Tibetan Buddhists located in Dongcheng district of Beijing,China. It is one of the largest and most important Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in the world. The building and the artworks of the temple is a combination of Han Chinese and Tibetan styles._MG_0149History: Building work on the Yonghegong Temple started in 1694 during the Qing Dynasty. It served as a court of the Prince Yong (Yin Zhen), a son of the kangxi emperor and himself the future yongzheng emperor. After Yongzheng’s ascension to the throne in 1722, half of the building was converted into a lamasery, a monastery for monks of Tibetan Buddhism. The other half remained an imperial palace.After Yongzheng’s death in 1735, his coffin was placed in the temple.

_MG_9956_MG_0038IMG_0137 There are five main halls which are separated by courtyards:
The Hall of the Heavenly Kings It served originally as the main entrance to the monastery. In the center of the hall stands a statue of the Maitreya Buddha, along the walls statues of the 4 Heavenly kings are arranged._MG_9955

The Hall of Harmony and Peace is the main building of the temple. It houses three Bronze statues of the Buddhas of the Three Ages, the statue of the Gauthama Buddha (Buddha of the Present) is in the center, it is flanked by the statue of Kasyapa Matanga (Buddha of the Past, right) and the Maitreya Buddha (Buddha of the Future, left). Along the sides of the hall, the statues of the 18 Arhats are placed. A mural in the hall shows the Boddhisattava Avalokitesvara._MG_0026

The Hall of Everlasting Protection was Emperor Yongzheng’s living quarters as a prince and the place where his coffin was placed after his death._MG_0043

The Hall of the Wheel of the Law functions as a place for reading scriptures and conducting religious ceremonies. It contains a large statue of Je tsonghkapha, founder of the Geluk School. The hall also contains the Five-Hundred Arhat hall, a carving made of red Sandalwood with statues of the arhats made from five different metals (gold, silver, copper, iron, and tin).

The Pavilion of Ten Thousand Happinesses contains an 26m tall (18m above the ground and 8m underneath) statue of the Maitreya Buddha carved from a single piece of White Sandalwood the statue is one of three artworks in the Temple which were included in the Guinness book of world records in 1993.

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